PARABHAVA SUTTA. Evam me sutam. Ekam sa am Bhagavā. Sāvatthiyam viharati. Jetavane Anāthapindikassa ārāme. Atha kho aññātarā devatā. Translator's note: While the Mangala Sutta deals with the way of life conducive to progress and happiness, the Parabhava Sutta supplements it by pointing out. Thus have I heard: On one occasion the Blessed One was living near Savatthi, at Jetavana, at Anathapindika's monastery. Now when the night was far.
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This sutta complements the Mangala sutta as it points out the causes of downfall that blocks his own road to worldly, moral and spiritual progress, and lowers all. The Parabhava Sutta points out the causes of downfall of layman's life. Thus have I . Please see Sigalovada Sutta Download PDF here!. Sutra Starting With Letter, In Word Document, In PDF. A Part-1, doc Aakankheyya Sutta (text to speech) - If the Bhikkhu Desires .. Parabhava Sutta - Downfall.
Tell us the six, O Blessed One. The person who is possessed of much wealth, who has gold, and who has an abundance of food, but enjoys his delicacies all by himself — this is the cause of his downfall.
We understand this as explained by thee; this is the sixth cause of his downfall. Tell us the seventh, O Blessed One. The man who, proud of his birth, of his wealth, and of his clan, despises his relations — this is the cause of his downfall. We understand this as explained by thee; this is the seventh cause of his downfall.
Tell us the eighth, O Blessed One. The man who is addicted to women given to a life of debauchery , is a drunkard, a gambler, and a squanderer of his earnings — this is the cause of his downfall. We understand this as explained by thee; this is the eighth cause of his downfall. Tell us the ninth, O Blessed One. Not satisfied with one's own wives,  he is seen among the whores and the wives of others — this is the cause of his downfall.
We understand this as explained by thee; this is the ninth cause of his downfall. Tell us the tenth, O Blessed One. A person past his youth takes as wife, a girl in her teens, and sleeps not being jealous of her  — this is the cause of his downfall. We understand this as explained by thee; this is the tenth cause of his downfall. Tell us the eleventh, O Blessed One. He who places in authority a woman given to drink and squandering, or a man of similar nature — this is the cause of his downfall.
We understand this as explained by thee; this is the eleventh cause of his downfall. Tell us the twelfth, O Blessed One. He who having but little possessions but great ambition greed , is of warrior birth and aspires selfishly to an unattainable sovereignty — this is the cause of his downfall.
Fully realizing these twelve causes of downfall in the world, the sage, endowed with ariyan insight, shares a realm of security Nibbana.
Sleep is habit forming and this is the danger of sleeping regularly. Waking up is more important than sleep itself. The mind should awaken with the body in a fully energized mode.
Some though awake bodily continue to slumber. Such persons can never be productive or efficient. First and foremost it is the mind that should wake up followed by the body. This is the method to adopt in order to spend a fruitful day.
One indulging in excessive sleep will not progress. To chatter incessantly without a rhyme or reason is a cause for downfall.
See a Problem?
Some simply cannot stop talking and engage in frivolous talk that is neither beneficial for this life or after life. At times unnecessary talk can lead to complications resulting in lifelong problems. We should develop the ability to listen more and talk less.
As a result we may be able to learn things not heard of before. Water in a vessel filled to the brim stay motionless whereas water is in motion in a half filled pot.
The ocean is huge, even so the noise it makes proportionate to the size is minute. A human being should be like the ocean, deep in thinking capacity yet silent. Buddha extolled the virtues of silence if not engaged in a Dhamma talk. Incessant chatter can cause a person to be marginalized by the society and decline.
Every human being has some inherent ability and is capable of performing meritorious and wholesome deeds. Lack in effort and endeavour can reduce a person to a failure within the society. The Enlightened One always strived to instill exertion of effort in his disciples and Arunawathi Sutta embedded in Samyutta Nikaya is a good example of this.
Arahatha nikkamatha yunnjatha buddhasasane Dhunatha maccuno senam nalagaranva kunjaro Yo imasmim dhamma vinaye appamaththo vihessati Pahaya jati samsaram dhukkakkandassakarissati ta Initiate! Go forth!
The Progressive Path
Just as a powerful elephant demolishes a house made of reeds destroy the forces of mara cankers. Any disciple acting without procrastination shall terminate birth and samsara and be released of suffering dukka. The above can be likened to a speech made by a Commander-in- Chief to strengthen and ready his forces to battle.
By such preaching, Gotama Buddha strived to instill exertion of effort in his followers. In the discourse Viyagga pajja, in discussing the background required for progress in this life, Buddha made mention of effort as essential to success. Any person cultivating this quality shall achieve economic success and stability.
Hence, development in terms of mundane and supramundane, is inseparably linked to striving and application of effort. A person removed from this virtue shall decline according to the Buddha. Laziness is mentioned as the next reason leading to the downfall of a person. In Sigalovada Sutta, Buddha elaborated on 6 qualities of one who is lazy.
The lazy, procrastinates stating: 1. I am very hungry 6. I am too full The normal tendency of man is to procrastinate and the more he remains lazy, success moves further away from him. If a person wishes to be a success in the society, that person must get rid of laziness. The final reason according to the stanza is manifesting anger. A person susceptible to anger can never lead a successful life. All beings below the state of an Arahant are not rid of anger.
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Anger tends to grow over time and explode as rage. This is very dangerous because it first destroy the person in whom it manifests.
When a person is moved to anger, he is unable to reason and lose track of time, place and persons present. Patience is the best remedy to 8 combat anger in oneself, and one who practices patience is the best monk on earth. Let us be clear, patience is not cowardice. At times we remain patient due to our inability to react.
Sometimes we practice patience even when we can react. According to Buddhism, one who remains patient, even though powerful enough to react, is a successful person. Vepacitti Sutta in Samyutta Nikaya is exemplary in this context.
The Asuras lost. Tavtimsa gods approached Sakka with Vepacitti asura bound as instructed.
Digha Nikaya - Long Discourses
Vepacitti vent his wrath on Sakka using abusive speech, on stepping into the Sudham Sabha where Sakka held court.The sage Buddhaghosa also began to compose a commentary to the Paritta. He takes only what is given, accepts only what is given, lives not by stealth but by means of a self that has become pure.
Bhikkhu Bodhi's own commentaries and materials are deeply learned and useful. We understand this as explained by thee ; this is the first cause of his downfall. From that village I went to that village over there, and there I stood in such a way, sat in such a way, talked in such a way, and remained silent in such a way.
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